Hasan al-Banna: Brotherhood, Jihad and Nazism

This is a guest post by Raziq

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The Muslim Brotherhood is the largest Islamist party in the world today.  It also claims to be a democratic party.  In this article I will be looking at its founder Hasan al-Banna, the reasons why he established the Muslim Brotherhood and his Nazi sympathies.

Hasan al-Banna was born in 1906 to a poor family in Southern Egypt.  During his teenage years he took part in demonstrations against British Rule. He later went on to become a school teacher and in 1928 founded the ‘The Muslim Brotherhood’ (MB), the world’s largest Islamist group.

Although the end of the Ottoman Empire was brought about by Turkish secular Muslims, some Muslims, like Banna, blamed “the West” and thus he established the MB with the aim of creating an Islamist State in direct antithesis to western ideals.  Banna was able to recruit from a large cross-section of Egyptian society by manipulating issues such as social inequality, public health and the growing conflict in Palestine.  Banna claimed his group would solve all these problems and thereby resurrect lost Arab glories.

According to Banna, the Ottomans and every other non-Arab Muslim power had not properly understood Islam.  Banna lists this as one of the reasons why these Muslim empires failed in the past:

The transfer of authority to non-Arabs: Persians at one time, at another, the Mamluks, Turks and others who had never had the genuine taste of Islam, and whose hearts had never been illuminated with the light of the Qur’an because of the difficulty they encountered in trying to grasp its concepts, even though they read the words of Allah (swt)…

(Between Yesterday and Today by Hasan al-Banna, Pg 5, Prelude Ltd, 1997)

This is a strange statement considering that the Ottoman Muftis had been giving fatwas to Muslims around the world for over 500 years.  It was also under the Ottoman Turks that Muslim power reached its zenith.  But none of this mattered to Banna, as far as he was concerned only his party had the correct political model.

Banna also believed in the compulsory nature of aggressive jihad:

All Muslims must make jihad –Jihad is an obligation from Allah on every Muslim and cannot be ignored or evaded.

(The Way of Jihad by Hassan al-Banna, Pg 2)

But Banna preferred to fight the Jihad once the MB had wrested state power from all rivals:

It is Fard (obligatory) on us to fight with our enemies.  The Imam must send a military expedition to the Dar al-Harb (land of war) every year at least once or twice, and the people must support him in this

(The Way of Jihad by Hassan al-Banna, Pg 8, Prelude Ltd, 1997)

To get to power Banna was even prepared to ally with the likes of the Nazis.

Banna’s ideology and the Nazi ideology were quite similar.  The Nazis wanted to create an expansionist empire with a Fuhrer at its head; Banna wanted a Caliphate with a religious leader at its head.  In the 30s and 40s the MB worked tirelessly to propagate Nazi propaganda in the Middle East. Members of the MB translated Hitler’s book ‘Mein Kampf’ into Arabic, calling it ‘My jihad’ and they also propagated the notorious anti-Semitic forgery ‘The Protocols of the Elders of Zion’.

At the outbreak of WW2 Banna also appealed to Nazi Germany for help in fighting against the British backed monarchy in Egypt.  MB even helped spy on the movement of British troops for the Nazis.  The Nazi party’s ascent to power through exploiting democratic means inspired Banna to similarly use democracy as a tool to take power.  The best known Nazi sympathiser in the Muslim brotherhood was Banna’s friend Hajj al-Amin Housseni who worked to propagate Nazi propaganda. Housseni, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, instigated riots against the Jews in 1929 (which destroyed the 3000-year old Jewish community in Hebron) and again in 1936 before visiting Nazi Germany in 1941. The founder of Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT) Taqiuddin al-Nabhani , who, prior to establishing HT was involved with the MB, also associated with Housseni.

Another prominent member of the Muslim brotherhood was Syed Qutb.  Qutb’s books, especially ‘Milestones’ and ‘Social Justice in Islam’ played a key part in formulating Islamism’s violent ideology.  Qutb also wrote an essay called “Our struggle against the Jews” in which he condemns the Jews as being the root of all evil.  Although he was executed in1966, his works continue to be a source of inspiration for militant Islamist movements like al-Qaeda.

Members of the Muslim Brotherhood assassinated the prime minister of Egypt in 1948 and, in the following year, Hasan al-Banna himself was assassinated, it is rumoured by the Egyptian intelligence services.

His MB movement is today the largest Islamist party in the world and its offshoots, from Hamas to the Muslim Association of Britain, are active around the globe.  Hamas also distribute literature such as The Protocols of the Elders of Zion’ and also encourage the killing of all Jews.  The founding charter of Hamas not only makes reference to ‘The Protocols of the Elders of Zion’ but it calls for the destruction of the State of Israel with which Hamas states that it can never have permanent peace. However just as the Nazis did, Hamas is prepared to use democracy as a tactic to get to power.

Hasan al-Banna was an anti-Semitic bigot who supported Nazism.  His Muslim Brotherhood movement remains true to those ideas today.

This entry was posted in Antisemitism, History, Islamism, Your View and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink. Trackbacks are closed, but you can post a comment.

14 Comments

  1. Posted September 1, 2009 at 7:31 PM | Permalink

    Yet another great addition to your series on 20th century modernist Islamists, Raziq.

  2. Salman
    Posted September 1, 2009 at 10:31 PM | Permalink

    Excellent post Raziq!

    Keep up the good work.

  3. shafa
    Posted September 2, 2009 at 12:19 PM | Permalink

    This is a shockingly bad article -its laughable tabloid journalism
    You fail to bring a single quote from al-Banna supporting the Nazis

  4. Posted September 2, 2009 at 12:48 PM | Permalink

    It didn’t take me long to come across this:

    Al-Banna and Nazism

    The growth of the Muslim Brotherhood was accompanied or caused in part by the fact that Al-Banna associated it with the German Nazi party and the Third Reich. From the ideological point of view, the Jew hatred, authoritarianism, addiction to violence and desire to defeat the British of both the Muslim Brothers and the Nazis were quite enough to make the two movements find common cause.

    The Brotherhood’s political and military alliance with Nazi Germany blossomed into formal state visits, de facto ambassadors, and overt and covert joint ventures. The Muslim Brotherhood transformed Nazi anti-Semitism into a Muslim version, providing Arab translations of Mein Kampf (translated into Arabic as ‘My Jihad’) and other Nazi anti-Semitic works, including Der Sturmer hate-cartoons, adapted to portray the Jew as the demonic enemy of Allah rather than the German Volk.

    When World War II broke out, al-Banna worked to firm up his alliances with Hitler and Mussolini. He sent them letters and emissaries, and urged them to assist him in his struggle against the British and the westernized regime of Egypt’s King Farouk. The Intelligence Service of the Muslim Brotherhood vigorously collected information on the heads of the regime in Cairo and on the movements of the British army, offering this and more to the Germans in return for closer relations.

    “My Jihad”, eh? ;-)

  5. Zanzibariboy
    Posted September 2, 2009 at 3:49 PM | Permalink

    Shafa – You fail to bring a single quote from al-Banna supporting the Nazis

    why the need for a quote, I think it is evidently clear that MB, even today, express sympathy with Nazi attempts to exterminate Jews. The fact that they translated Mein Kempf into Arabic is enough for me.
    Great article Raziq…looking forward to the next expose on Islamist ideologues

  6. shafa
    Posted September 2, 2009 at 5:00 PM | Permalink

    Zanzibar Boy

    The fact that they translated Mein Kempf into Arabic is enough for me.

    Assuming it even is a fact- who was the translator – no name was given

    The fact that Spittoon promotes the book “Eurabia” and allies with Muslim haters is enough for me and the other Muslims who are aware of this fact.

  7. Posted September 2, 2009 at 7:04 PM | Permalink

    The fact that Spittoon promotes the book “Eurabia” and allies with Muslim haters is enough for me and the other Muslims who are aware of this fact.

    Promotes the book “Eurabia” as in this?
    http://www.spittoon.org/archives/1884

    That’s the exact opposite of promoting Eurabia, if you care to read it.

    You know, once you have to resort to such easily refuted lies to criticise the Spittoon, you show yourself up all by yourself. And where’s the fun in that for us?

  8. shafa
    Posted September 4, 2009 at 11:16 AM | Permalink

    Faisal

    Promotes the book “Eurabia” as in this?
    http://www.spittoon.org/archives/1884

    That’s the exact opposite of promoting Eurabia, if you care to read it.

    You know, once you have to resort to such easily refuted lies to criticise the Spittoon, you show yourself up all by yourself. And where’s the fun in that for us?

    Spittoons editor Horriya “where’s my hijab?” Ahmed is a reasercher for the Centre for Social Cohesion which does indeed promote Eurabia and its far right author Bat Ye’or, http://www.socialcohesion.co.uk/files/1234543473_1.pdf

    Not to mention numerous authors attacking Islam, the Prophet and the Quran which shows what munafiqs you are

  9. Posted September 4, 2009 at 2:29 PM | Permalink

    Spittoons editor Horriya “where’s my hijab?” Ahmed is a reasercher for the Centre for Social Cohesion which does indeed promote Eurabia and its far right author Bat Ye’or, http://www.socialcohesion.co.uk/files/1234543473_1.pdf

    Not to mention numerous authors attacking Islam, the Prophet and the Quran which shows what munafiqs you are

    The Spittoon does not promote that book. Indeed, as Faisal has shown we reject the Eurabian thesis entirely. It is a disgusting form of anti-Muslim bigotry and must be challenged.

    However, I just had a look at that file you link to (which, as it is a Centre for Social Cohesion file is not connected to the Spittoon) and they also advise people to read Qutb, Azzam, Mawdudi and others. Does this mean that CSC also promotes Islamists?

    But anyway, your fundamental premise is wrong. Houriya may work for CSC but this does not mean that there are any other links between CSC and Spittoon. A book on a CSC reading list is, in no way, promoted by Spittoon.

  10. bananabrain
    Posted September 4, 2009 at 4:19 PM | Permalink

    oh, don’t bother, munir/blah/me/shafa is just trying to divert the thread with his usual posturing over irrelevancies. he’s trying to draw you in to another discussion of him flinging wild accusations of everything from baby-eating zionists to greyhound race fixing in brazil, hoping to waste your time while you patiently point out why it’s a bubbling stew of arsewash.

    what a scabby little reptile he is.

    b’shalom

    bananabrain

  11. Bangali
    Posted September 9, 2009 at 12:10 PM | Permalink

    Wait so hanna didn’t support the Nazis?

  12. BTILLY
    Posted September 19, 2009 at 6:33 PM | Permalink

    Husseni was instrumental in Hitler ordering the murder of the Jews. Islam promotes the destruction of Jews, all of them, as the Quran said. If Moses was still here he would have to go. Since Pharaoh was a Muslim according to quran 10:90, no wonder he hated the Jews. Blacks who sing, “Tell ole Pharaoh, Let My People Go” would not be allowed by Muslims. Blacks are abeds and white slaves mamluks, only Arabs are great, Tabari so said Muhammad the one Arab prophet of Islam. Since Hitler was so evil, why would a holy warrior of Allah support Hitler and rewrote the evil hate book Mein Kamph or My Jihad for 1 billion Muslims to follow and accept. Hitler not only killed Jews, but all sick people and those who didnt accept his rules, like Muhammad did.

  13. Stone Cold
    Posted February 12, 2011 at 9:01 AM | Permalink

    Hajj al-Amin Housseni not only instigated uprisings in Palestine in 29, and again in 36, but again in 41 in Iraq against the pro British monarchy. The 36 and 41 uprisings were funded the Nazi’s through the Fascist in Italy. After failing in 41 the Grand Mufti fled to Germany where he was eventually given an SS command and formed the 13th Waffen SS, the “Hanzar Divisions”. These divisions consisted primarily of Bosnian Muslims.

  14. Rocky from Siberia
    Posted July 13, 2012 at 6:16 PM | Permalink

    Come on now people. Dianne Feinstein (sits on the intel committee0, John McCain, Barry Soetoro and many other US politicians have told us the Nazi Muslims are nice people and are our friends.
    In fact Hillary’s deputy chief of staff (wife of that nice Jewish Democrat – Anthony the Peter Tweeter) is Nazi Muslim. The woman now has access to America’s classified Intel ?
    Barry Soetoro never did a legal name change to Barack Hussein Obama.
    Read Milestones and try to get the Brotherhoods Arabic translation of Hitler’s Mein Kempf. It is required reading of all Brotherhood Members.
    Perhaps, Capitol Hill has many Nazi collaborators and Sypathizers. Mexico the same.

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